NORTH-SOUTH RELATIONS

 

South Korea’s Moon Urges North Korea’s Kim to Visit Seoul

South Korean President Moon Jae-in delivered a message on December 1 urging North Korean leader Kim Jong-un to pay a reciprocal visit to Seoul within the year for the promised summit meeting in the capital city of South Korea, which will be historic first for a North Korean leader.

“I am certain that if denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and inter-Korean peace are achieved through a reciprocal visit by Chairman Kim Jong-un, all South Koreans will truly welcome that with open arms,” Moon said.

 

Inter-Korean Joint Railway Survey to Begin

An 18-day joint survey of North Korean railway lines for the linkage and modernization of South and North Korean railways is scheduled to begin on Nov. 30. For the first time since the division of Korea, South Korean trains will be traveling through North Korean rail routes. The inter-Korean rail linkage will likely expedite inter-Korean exchanges and reconciliation efforts and will re-connect all of the Korean Peninsula to the Eurasian landmass.

 

South Korean Youths Favor Reunification with North

More than half of South Korea’s university-age students now possess a positive view toward Korean unification, according to a new poll conducted by South Korean National Assembly’s Foreign Affairs and Unification Committee. The survey was conducted in early November, canvassing more than 1,000 university students nationwide.

 

Easing of Tensions on the Border Continues

North Korea blew up some of its front-line guard posts as part of an agreement to ease tensions along its heavily fortified border with South Korea. South Korea began dismantling its guard posts as well. Under the September 2018 military agreements, the two sides of Korea have also taken steps to disarm their shared border village of Panmunjom, halted live-fire drills along the border and have been removing mines at a front-line area to conduct their first joint searches for Korean War dead. These steps are in essence making the border area of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) true to its name and original intent.

 

UNESCO Accepts Historic Joint Korean Bid to Recognize Traditional Wrestling

In another sign of vibrant inter-Korean rapprochement, North and South Korea have combined their bids to list ssireum, a type of traditional Korean wrestling as a UNESCO world cultural heritage. The two sides of Korea have typically been in competition for adding new items to world heritage list and traditions widely shared between the two neighbors have so far been listed separately.

 

Increasing Number of Unified Korean Sports Teams Are Forming Since Pyeongchang Olympics

Unified inter-Korean teams have been on the rise since the formation of a combined women’s ice hockey team for the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics last February. Another indicator of warming of inter-Korean relations, inter-Korean sports exchange is likely to foster close cooperation in the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, the 2021 Asian Winter Games (where Gangwon Province is currently being pushed as a host site), and the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing.

 

US-DPRK RELATIONS

 

Second U.S.-DPRK Summit in the Works?

President Donald Trump has said he will likely hold a second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un early in the New Year and that three locations were being considered.

 

U.S. Military Says No Strategic Bombers Will Be Dispatched to Korean Peninsula

Top generals in the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, which oversees U.S. Forces Korea (USFK), said they will not dispatch strategic bombers to the Korean Peninsula and that regimental drills will be held outside the Korean Peninsula. These announcements appear designed to emphasize support for the diplomatic process in the Korean Peninsula that is unfolding.

 

KOREA-JAPAN RELATIONS

 

South Korean Court Orders Mitsubishi of Japan to Pay for Forced Wartime Labor

South Korea’s Supreme Court ordered Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan to compensate South Koreans forced to work in its factories during World War II, the second such ruling in a month.

 

SOUTH KOREA NEWS

 

South Korea Frees Conscientious Objectors

Fifty-eight young men who had been imprisoned for refusing to serve in South Korea’s military were released from prisons across the country, after a landmark court ruling that supported the rights of conscientious objectors. The ruling by South Korea’s Supreme Court on November 1 acquitted a conscientious objector for the first time in the country’s history. The court recognized “conscience or religious beliefs” as a justifiable reason to refuse to serve in the mandatory military service.

 

Workers Slam Government’s Labor Policy

On Saturday December 1, 15,000 workers protested outside South Korea’s National Assembly, against the government’s labor policy, which they claim is too friendly to chaebol, or the country’s leading conglomerates.

 

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Featured News & Articles

[Statement] President Moon’s visit – a lost opportunity

A statement by the NZ DPRK Society — “Whilst we welcome President Moon Jae-in’s recent visit to New Zealand we are disappointed that the Government has failed to make full use of the opportunity to promote peace on the Korean peninsula and between the United States and the DPRK (North Korea).”

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